Selective memory of Africans' role in the First World War shows the language of commemoration is rooted in colonial history.
Global empires are constant world wars against conquered peoples. What the West calls the First World War was to a considerable extent bringing the war home to Europe.
The justifications for World War One made by then prime minister Asquith sound familiar to anyone who watched Tony Blair promote the invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan.
Today a new tide of blood is washing away the borders created when the great powers carved up the Middle East after World War One.
A combination of deliberate exclusion and accidental myopia dramatically shrunk the First World War. Rather than the kaleidoscopic, multiracial, global conflict that it was, it became a monochrome European struggle
The centennial anniversary was an elite-driven vapid spectacle presided over by celebrity actors, bishops, dukes and duchesses, by generals and reverential politicians laying flowers.