When conscription was introduced in 1916, almost 750,000 men were exempted from combat duty on moral grounds. Many prominent intellectuals throughout Europe were also against the war.
As the reality of industrial warfare soured the mood, World War One poets became focused on the futility of the bloodshed born from their own horrible observations.
For a country that documents its history, raises monuments, statues and plaques, there is a severe lack in representing a full picture of WW1 on all fronts, explains Selena Carty.
A secret elite collusion deliberately prolonged WW1 by a sham naval blockade which allowed Germany to maintain imports of vital food and war material.
During World War One, war resistor Alice Wheeldon was unjustly imprisoned for allegedly scheming to poison the prime minister.
Tim Butcher recounts his journey to find the real story of the man who killed Archduke Ferdinand in his new book, The Trigger.